The web developer’s job is to create and maintain websites. Web developers can work either in-house or freelance, and the duties and responsibilities differ based on whether they work as front-end, back-end, or full-stack developers. Full-stack developers specialize in both the front-end and the back-end; we’ll go over what a full-stack developer does in more depth later.
Web developers are responsible for creating a product that fits the demands of both the client and the customer or end-user. Web developers work with stakeholders, clients, and designers to grasp the vision for the final website: how should it appear and function?
A significant portion of web development is also concerned with discovering and addressing defects to continually optimize and enhance a website or system. As a result, web developers are adept problem solvers, always devising solutions and workarounds to keep things working smoothly.
Of course, all web developers are fluent in at least one programming language. However, depending on their job title and area of specialization, various developers will work with different languages. Let’s thoroughly review the various levels of web development and their activities.
What is the role of a front-end developer?
The layout of the website, interactive and navigational features such as buttons and scrollbars, photos, text, and internal connections are all implemented by the front-end developer (links that navigate from one page to another within the same website). Front-end developers are also in charge of ensuring proper presentation across various browsers and devices. They will code the website to be flexible or adaptable to different screen sizes, ensuring that the visitor has the same experience whether they visit the website on mobile, desktop, or tablet.
Front-end developers will also conduct usability testing and troubleshoot any faults that occur. At the same time, they will think about SEO best practices, software workflow management, and developing solutions that improve how a user interacts with a website in any browser.
What is the role of a back-end developer?
The brains behind the face are referred to as the back-end (the front-end). Therefore, a back-end developer is in charge of creating and maintaining the technology required to power the front-end, which consists of three components: a server, an application, and a database.
The code written by back-end developers guarantees that everything built by front-end developers is completely functioning, and it is the back-end developer’s responsibility to ensure that the server, application, and database all interact with one another. So, how do they accomplish this? They create the program using server-side languages such as PHP, Ruby, Python, and Java. They then utilize MySQL, Oracle, and SQL Server technologies to locate, store, or change data before returning it to the user via front-end code.
Like front-end developers, they will communicate with the customer or company owner to determine their requirements and desires. They will then distribute these in a variety of methods, depending on the project’s specifications.
Back-end development tasks commonly include database creation, integration, management, server-side software development using back-end frameworks, developing and deploying content management systems (for a blog, for example), and working with web server technologies, API integration, and operating systems.
Back-end developers are also in charge of testing and troubleshooting any system or application’s back-end parts.
What is the role of a full-stack developer?
A full-stack developer knows and can work across the “whole stack” of technology, including both the front-end and the back-end. Full-stack developers are professionals in every stage of the web development process, which means they can get their hands dirty and advise on strategy and best practices.
Most full-stack engineers have years of experience in several positions, providing them with a firm foundation across the web development spectrum. Full-stack engineers are fluent in both front-end and back-end programming languages and frameworks and server, network, and hosting environments. They are also knowledgeable in business logic and user experience.
Web developers may also offer expertise in the creation of mobile apps for iOS or Android.
iOS developers create apps for the iOS operating system, which is used by Apple devices. Swift, Apple’s programming language designed exclusively for its apps, is second nature to iOS developers.
Android developers create apps that work on all Android devices, including Samsung smartphones. Java was the formal programming language for Android until it was superseded by the new kid on the block, Kotlin.